Do Jews Go to Heaven?
Question: Should Christians honor Jews? In the USA, many Evangelicals teach that all of the promises made to Abraham still apply to Jews and Israel today. Some on the other hand teach that the Church became the ‘new Israel’ when the Jews denied Christ. It is a very confusing subject. When Jesus said that ‘No one comes to the Father but through Me’ did he mean that even God's chosen Jews cannot enter Heaven unless they convert to Christianity?
Answer: Some Christians wrongly think that the Jews can be saved apart from faith in Jesus Christ, the Son of God. A report by Catholic bishops on the Catholic-Jewish relations also reaches the same erroneous conclusion. They state that Catholics no longer wish to absorb the Jewish faith into Christianity; the Jews already dwell in a saving covenant with God; and Catholics should not seek the conversion of Jewish people to Christianity. 
That is altogether different from the teaching of the New Testament.
The Jews are the natural descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob with whom God established a covenant. The apostle Paul asks: ‘What advantage then has the Jew, or what is the profit of circumcision?’ He answers: ‘Much in every way! Chiefly because to them were committed the oracles of God.’ Later on he adds that to the Israelites ‘pertain the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the service of God, and the promises; of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, the eternally blessed God. Amen' (Romans 3: 1, 2; 9:4, 5).
The Jews are greatly privileged: they possess the Scriptures, and they are the natural heirs of the promises of God to the Patriarchs. But does that mean that the Jews are automatically in a saving covenant with God? No, for the promises made to Abraham are fulfilled in Christ Jesus, and the Mosaic covenant has been superseded by the New Covenant in the blood of Christ.
The apostle Paul further states that there is no distinction between Jews and the rest of us, the Gentiles, on two accounts. He says:
Jews and Gentiles have the same basic problem: sin. Jews and Gentiles have only one sin-bearer: Jesus. All must call on the name of the Lord Jesus Christ for salvation.
The apostle Paul did not believe that the Jews were in a saving covenant simply because they are Jews. He had great anguish and sorrow because on the whole the Jews had rejected Jesus Christ, and he prayed earnestly for their salvation. He preached the gospel to everyone – if anything he gave priority to the Jews:
Should we seek ‘the conversion of the Jewish people to Christianity’? Some Catholic bishops and some evangelicals say No! The Bible says, ‘To the Jew first’!
Christians owe a great debt to the Israelites. Our faith is a continuation and fulfillment of their religion. Jews wrote our Bible. We are partakers of the blessings promised to their forefathers. We have a Jewish Messiah! The least we can do is pray earnestly for them and share the good news of Jesus Christ with the hope that the Jews too may be saved.
If the reader is a Jew, I entreat you: consider Jesus! Read the entire New Testament; learn how he was born, how he lived and died, and how he was raised by the Father. He is the Messiah that the pious Israelites have waited for many centuries. In him you can find forgiveness and eternal life.
 'However, this evangelizing task no longer includes the wish to absorb the Jewish faith into Christianity and so end the distinctive witness of Jews to God in human history.
Thus, while the Catholic Church regards the saving act of Christ as central to the process of human salvation for all, it also acknowledges that Jews already dwell in a saving covenant with God. The Catholic Church must always evangelize and will always witness to its faith in the presence of God’s kingdom in Jesus Christ to Jews and to all other people. In so doing, the Catholic Church respects fully the principles of religious freedom and freedom of conscience, so that sincere individual converts from any tradition or people, including the Jewish people, will be welcomed and accepted.
However, it now recognizes that Jews are also called by God to prepare the world for God’s kingdom. Their witness to the kingdom, which did not originate with the Church’s experience of Christ crucified and raised, must not be curtailed by seeking the conversion of the Jewish people to Christianity.'
(Reflections on Covenant and Mission. Consultation of The National Council of Synagogues and The Bishops Committee for Ecumenical and Interreligious Affairs, USCCB. August 12, 2002. Emphasis mine. Read Online.)
Copyright Dr Joe Mizzi. Permission to copy and distribute this article without textual changes. < BACK TO Q&A